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The Old Testament as History and Literature: The Pentateuch


Canon Garratt, The Samaritan Pentateuch (article, Mar 21, 1904) implications of the Samaritan Pentateuch on higher criticism and textual analysis


S.I. McMillen, M.D., None of These Diseases (Amazon book, 1963 originally)

A doctor makes a compelling case for divine influence in the biblical text by using comparative medical anthropology


Gordon Hugenberger, The Historicity of the Bible (powerpoints to his class, The Theology of the Pentateuch)


Frank Moore Cross, From Epic to Canon: History and Literature in Ancient Israel (Amazon book, 1998)


Kevin D. Miller, Did the Exodus Never Happen? (Christianity Today, Sep 7, 1998)


James K. Hoffmeier, Israel in Egypt: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Exodus Tradition (Amazon book, 1999)


James K. Hoffmeier, Ancient Israel in Sinai: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Wilderness Tradition (Amazon book, 2005)


Kenneth A. Kitchen, On the Reliability of the Old Testament (Amazon book, 2006)


Ben Witherington, The Relationship of the OT to the NT According to John Chrysostom (blog, Aug 28, 2007)


William Dever, Archaeology of the Hebrew Bible (Nova, Nov 8, 2008)


Roger Isaacs, Passover In Egypt: Did the Exodus Really Happen?(Huffington Post, Apr 9, 2011)


Brian LePort, A Survey of Views on the Historicity of Adam and Eve (The Archives Near Emmaus blog, Jun 5, 2012)


Sarah Knapton, Scientists: Noah's Ark Would Have Floated With 70,000 Animals If Built By Dimensions In The Bible (Business Insider, Apr 3, 2014)


Peter Enns, N.T. Wright on Jesus, Adam, Paul, and Hermeneutics (youtube video, May 23, 2014)


Eric Metaxas, Archaeological Evidence for the Exodus and the Trial of Jesus (BreakPoint, Jan 14, 2015)


Joshua Berman, Was There an Exodus? (Mosaic Magazine, Mar 2, 2015)


Matthew W. Bates, The Birth of the Trinity: Jesus, God, and Spirit in New Testament and Early Christian Interpretations of the Old Testament (Academia paper, 2015) outstanding explanation of prosopological exegesis


Eric Jobe, The Masoretic Hebrew vs. The Septuagint (Ancient Faith blog, Jul 29, 2015) about textual variants


Nicholas Wade, Modern Technology Unlocks Secrets of a Damaged Biblical Scroll (NY Times, Sep 21, 2016) a good example of textual transmission accuracy

The Old Testament as History and Literature: The Nevi'im (Prophets)


Chuck Colson, The House of David (BreakPoint, Aug 6, 1996) an archaeological attestation to King David


Christopher Seitz, Prophecy and Hermeneutics: Towards a New Introduction to the Prophets (Amazon book, Aug 1, 2007)


Christopher Seitz, The Goodly Fellowship of the Prophets: The Achievement of Association in Canon Formation (Amazon book, Oct 1, 2009) how the twelve minor prophets are related literarily


Sara C. Nelson, Goliath Gates of Ancient Biblical City Unearthed by Archaeologists (Huffington Post, May 8, 2015)


Luke Chandler, New Khirbet Qeiyafa Inscription Published; What Does It Say? (Bible, Archaeology, Travel with Luke Chandler blog, Jun 3, 2015) about pottery with the name "Eshbaal" from 1 Chr.8:33 and 2 Sam.2 - 4, one of the sons of King Saul, born circa 1047 BC


Golden Shofar, Critics of the Bible Silenced Again: Archaeological Discoveries Prove Old Testament To Be Accurate (Golden Shofar blog)


Eric Metaxas, Hello, Hezekiah! (BreakPoint, Aug 18, 2015) archaeology confirms King Hezekiah


Ari Rabinovitch, In Unique Discovery, Archaeologists Find King Hezekiah's Seal (Charisma News, Dec 2, 2015)


John Stonestreet, The Discovery of Gath (BreakPoint, Dec 5, 2015) archaeology confirms the city of Goliath


Nicholas St. Fleur, Story of Philistines Could Be Reshaped by Ancient Cemetery (NY Times, Jul 10, 2016)

The Old Testament as History and Literature: General


Arthur Carl Piepkorn, What Does Inerrancy Mean? (Concordia Theological Monthly, Sep 1965) a Lutheran perspective


N.T. Wright, How Can the Bible Be Authoritative? (1989, 1991)


Annette Gordon-Reid, Slavery's Shadow: Historians' Problems with Slave Narratives (New Yorker, Oct 23, 2013) can accompany reflection on the socio-political context of biblical narrative


C.D. Elledge with Olivia Yeo, Rethinking the "Qumran Community": Recent Approaches (ASOR blog, Dec 13, 2013)


James Wood, Why? The Fictions of Life and Death (The New Yorker, Dec 9, 2013) on why stories and especially the novel wrestles with death - removing the story as a literary form from its original theological context (Hebrew biblical narrative) only leaves a deeply unsettling, emotional question:  why?


Brian Zahnd, My Problem with the Bible (blog, Feb 17, 2014) explains how his social-cultural location as a white male in America poses a challenge to his reading a Bible written for a powerless minority group


Anthony Grafton and James Grossman, Habits of Mind (The American Scholar, Dec 14, 2014) the second to last paragraph is an excellent statement about ancient historians


Greg Boyd, Must We Deny Biblical Infallibility to “Disarm” Scripture? A Review of Derek Flood’s Disarming Scripture: Part 1 (ReKnew blog, Apr 13, 2015)


Greg Boyd, Disarming Flood's Case Against Biblical Infallibility (ReKnew blog, Apr 14, 2015)


Greg Boyd, Disarming Flood's Inadequate Conception of Biblical Authority (ReKnew blog, Apr 15, 2015) 

Check out our Bible study notes, sermons, exegetical papers, and devotional reflections here:

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