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NHI Resources on Scientific Knowledge: 

Compatible But Indeterminate


Biblical Exegesis Relevant to Science


The Genesis Creation Account and the Narrative of Science


The Issue of Long Lives in Genesis 5

Other Resources on Science Being Compatible With the Biblical Revelation:


Eugene Wigner, The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Mathematics in the Natural Sciences (article, 1960)


Michael Polanyi, Personal Knowledge (book, Aug 1974) and a summary of his Critical Realist Epistemology


T.F. Torrance, The Grammar and Ground of Theology (audio, 1981) lectures given at Fuller Seminary, excellent resource on the interaction between scientific and theological pursuits


T.F. Torrance, The Grammar and Ground of Theology lecture 1 (audio, 1981) three changes in cosmological knowledge that affected science, epistemology, and theology (dualist to unitary; and from a Newtonian closed system to dynamic-relational-contingent)


T.F. Torrance, The Grammar and Ground of Theology lecture 2 (audio, 1981) the change from the priority of reason over belief, back to the priority of belief over reason


John Polkinghorne interview (video) a mathematical physicist at Cambridge University


H. Floris Cohen, The Scientific Revolution: A Historiographical Inquiry (Amazon book, Oct 3, 1994)


Maria Dzielska, Hypatia of Alexandria (Amazon book, Oct 1, 1996) cited by D.B. Hart, in Atheist Delusions, because of the many caricatures of supposed tensions between classical learning and Christianity made of this incident


Owen Gingerich, The Book Nobody Read: Chasing the Revolutions of Nicolaus Copernicus (Amazon book, Feb 22, 2005)


Larry Witham, The Measure of God: Our Century-Long Struggle to Reconcile Science & Religion (Amazon book, Aug 23, 2005)


Lee Strobel, The Case for a Creator: A Journalist Investigates Scientific Evidence that Points Toward God (Amazon book, Sep 2005)


Owen Gingerich, God's Universe (Amazon book, Sep 2006)


N.T. Wright, Can a Scientist Believe in the Resurrection (video, Dec 2007)


Francis Collins, The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief (Amazon book, Jul 2007 and video, Dec 21, 2010)


Stephen Gaukroger, The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685 (Amazon book, Jan 15, 2009)


Francis Collins and Karl Giberson, The Language of Science and Faith (Amazon book, Feb 2011)


Alister McGrath, Darwinism and the Divine (Amazon book, Feb 2011)


Alister McGrath, Surprised by Meaning:  Science, Faith, and How We Make Sense of Things (Amazon book, Feb 2011)


V.J. Torley, So You Don't Believe in Adam and Eve? Ask an Atheist for Advice! (Uncommon Descent blog, Jun 4, 2011) especially options 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10


Steven Shapin, Simon Schaffer, Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life (Amazon book, Sep 4, 2011)


Jonathan McLatchie, Did They Really Exist? A Biblical and Scientific Defence of Adam and Eve (Apologetics UK blog, Feb 8, 2012) commenting on population genetics and coalescent theory


Brian LePort, A Survey of Views on the Historicity of Adam and Eve (The Archives Near Emmaus blog, Jun 5, 2012)


Ann Gauger, On Retrospective Analysis and Coalescent Theory (Evolution News, Aug 6, 2012) on the assumptions and limitations of coalescent theory


Jeff Laird, Neuroscience and Free Will (BLogos blog)


Jean-Claude Larchet, Patristic Views on the Nature and Status of Scientific Knowledge (Mystagogy blog, Mar 11, 2013)


William Lane Craig, The Kalam Cosmological Argument (youtube video, Jul 29, 2013)


Tom Ingrebritsen, Dealing With Tension Between Science and the Bible (IVCF Emerging Scholars' blog, Jan 8, 2014)


N.T. Wright, Can a Scientist Trust the New Testament? (video, Feb 17, 2014)


Colleen Walsh, Where Science Meets Creationism (Harvard Gazette, Mar 25, 2015) about geology


Jesse Carey, What the Man Described as ‘The Next Darwin’ Has to Say About God (Relevant Magazine, Jun 4, 2015)


Sarah Salviander, The Six Days of Creation (Six Day Science blog) assumes Genesis 1 describes the entire universe and factors in the "speed" of time based on the size of the universe - very intriguing although I disagree with her interpretation of the scope of Genesis 1


Timothy Larsen, The Slain God: Anthropologists and the Christian Faith (Amazon book, Apr 11, 2016)


April Cordero Maskiewicz, The E Word:  Evolution and Faith (TED talk, Mar 30, 2016)


Jimena Canales, The Physicist and the Philosopher: Einstein, Bergson, and the Debate that Changed Our Understanding of Time (Amazon book, Oct 4, 2016) Einstein's question how can time be measured when all measurements are within time?


David Bentley Hart, Science and Theology: Where the Consonance Really Lies (Renovatio, Journal of Zaytuna College, Jun 5, 2018)

Other Resources on Christian Theology Being Necessary for Science to Develop:


Exploring Christianity, Christianity and the Beginning of Science


Alfred North Whitehead, Science and the Modern World, p.18 - 19


T.F. Torrance, Transformation and Convergence in the Frame of Knowledge (Google book, Apr 29, 1998)


Rodney Stark, The Triumph of Christianity (Amazon book, Oct 25, 2011)

ch.14 "The Dark Ages and Other Mythical Eras" and ch.16 "Faith and the Scientific "Revolution""


David Bentley Hart, Atheist Delusions, chs.3 - 6


John Polkinghorne, editor, The Trinity and an Entangled World: Relationality in Physical Science and Theology (pdf book, 2010)


James Hannam, Modern Science's Christian Sources (First Things, Oct 2011)


Father Aidan Kimel, Creatio ex Nihilo: The Grammar of Transcendence 

(Eclectic Orthodoxy blog, Apr 15, 2015)

Other Resources on Science and Christian Faith


Wikipedia, List of Christians in Science and Technology (Wikipedia article)


David Berlinski, The Devil's Delusion: Atheism and Its Scientific Pretensions (pdf book, 2008)


David F. Prindle, Stephen Jay Gould and the Politics of Evolution (Amazon book, 2009)


Dennis Venema and Darrel Falk, Does Genetics Point to a Single Primal Couple? (BioLogos Foundation, Apr 5, 2010) on the origins of human genetic diversity


News Desk, World's Languages Traced Back to Single African Mother Tongue: Scientists (PRI, Apr 15, 2011)


Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, The Great Partnership: Science, Religion, and the Search for Meaning (Amazon book, 2012)


Michio Kaku, Is God a Mathematician? (Big Think video, Jan 2, 2013)


Max Tegmark, Religion, Science, and the Attack of the Angry Atheists (Huffington Post, Feb 19, 2013)


Max Tegmark, The MIT Survey on Science, Religion, and Origins: The Belief Gap (MIT, Feb 11, 2013)


Peter Richardson, The Science Delusion (Truthdig, Jun 20, 2013)


Ming Wang, Prominent Doctor Says Faith and Science Can Work Together 

(The College Fix, Jul 22, 2013) on how his commitment to fetal personhood led to a new discovery


Judith Sheluvitz, Why Do Grandmothers Exist? Solving an Evolutionary Mystery (New Republic, Jan 29, 2013)


Peter Richardson, The Science Delusion (Truthdig, Jun 20, 2013)


Robert Lustig, Fat Chance, Fructose 2.0 (youtube video, Oct 18, 2013) on causal inference vs. scientific proof with randomized controlled trials, at the 1:00:00 mark; a type of evidence


Economist, Faith and Reason: Scientists Are Not As Secular As People Think (Economist, Feb 22, 2014)


Giles Fraser, Good Luck, Physicists, With Those Tricky "Meaning of Life" Questions (The Guardian, Mar 24, 2014)


Vince Vitale, God's Not Dead (youtube video Ravi Zacharias International Ministries, Mar 8, 2014)


Alan Lightman, Book Review: 'Why Science Does Not Disprove God' by Amir D. Aczel (Washington Post, Apr 10, 2014)


Massimo Pigliucci, Neil deGrasse Tyson and the Value of Philosophy (Scientia Salon, May 12, 2014)


Gary Gutting, Does Evolution Explain Religious Belief? (NY Times, Jul 8, 2014)


Robert D. Martin, The Female Climax: An Evolutionary Perspective on the Female Climax (Psychology Today, Jun 5, 2014)


Nury Vittachi, Scientists Discover That Atheists Might Not Exist, and That's Not a Joke (Science 2.0, Jul 6, 2014)


Casey Luskin, Evolutionary Studies Suggest that Atheists, Whatever They Say to the Contrary, Really Do Believe in God (Evolution News, Aug 1, 2014) notes Vittachi's study citing "karmic justice" (that is, cosmic retributive justice) as the "default setting" for our the "religious part" of our brains. This poses an enormous question. I underscore that this finding comes from the current understanding of cognitive neuroscience. Since that is the case, it helps to explain to me why, when John Calvin developed the idea of penal substitution, that theory played on the "karmic justice" section of the human brain and then served to supplant the theological structure of genuine Trinitarian thought. For the first 1500 years, Christian Trinitarian theology was *not aligned with the "default setting" in our brains. The earliest atonement theory was medical and not penal, the implications for relationships and socio-political ethics was for restorative justice and not retributive justice, and the biblical motif of fire was interpreted as rehabilitative and purifying, not retributive and punishing. So: Christian theology and teaching of this type (firmly held by the Eastern Orthodox, along with Catholics and Protestants like me who are calling for a return to the Nicene period) has to consistently overcome something deeply wired in our brains. It does not take advantage of the brain, or "hijack" the brain, as Dr. Andy Thomson states at the American Atheists Conference 2009 without any "bias" whatsoever (of course!). This serves to explain why the most deeply philosophical forms of both ancient Hindu and ancient Greek cosmology agreed about cycles of karma, reincarnation, and the principle of retribution. That view of the world just makes more sense to us intuitively. It also concurs with the more natural observations of how the world works: in endless cycles and circles. But, Judeo-Christianity, as a belief system, has a higher burden of proof. The only way it can offer an epistemology by which it can be evaluated is in the realm of history. Just as serving on a jury requires us to dig into the unrepeatable history of past personal, human events, so the epistemology that is appropriate to Judeo-Christianity is a historical epistemology. Are there signposts in history upon which it builds the case for a good God who intervenes on behalf of human beings and against human evil? Entertaining as videos like Dr. Thomson's are, nothing conclusive can be drawn from them, except that some practitioners of neuroscience overstate themselves, as you're not even in the appropriate academic discipline.


Eric Metaxas, Science Increasingly Makes the Case for God (Wall Street Journal, Dec 25, 2014)


Jack Miles, Why God Will Not Die (The Atlantic, Dec 2014) science reveals how much we don't or can't know, yet we want closure


Rod Dreher, God is Not Found Through Science (The American Conservative, Jan 2, 2015)


Cathleen O'Grady, Modern Languages Show No Trace of Our African Origins (ARS Technica, Jan 27, 2015)


Stephen Mackereth, God, Science, and the Red Pill (Harvard Crimson, Mar 9, 2015)


Natasha Crain, Are Christians Less Intelligent Than Atheists? Here’s What All Those Studies REALLY Say (blog, Apr 23, 2015)


James Bishop, Former Atheist Astrophysicist, Sarah Salviander, Explains Her Journey to Christianity (Historical Jesus Studies blog, May 23, 2015)


Benjamin L. Corey, Does the Discovery of Earth 2.0 Mark the End of Religion? (Patheos blog, Jul 24, 2015)


Cathleen O'Grady, MIT Claims to Have Found a "Language Universal" That Ties All Languages Together (ARS Technica, Aug 6, 2015)


Ben Brumfield, The Universe is Slowly Dying, Study Shows With Unprecedented Precision (CNN, Aug 11, 2015)


Ryan Patrick McLaughlin, The Real Theological Challenge of Evolution(Patheos, Sep 16, 2015)


Olivia Goldhill, Neuroscience Backs Up the Buddhist Belief that "the Self" Isn't Constant, But Ever-Changing (Quartz, Sep 20, 2015)


David Kaiser, How Politics Shaped General Relativity (NY Times, Nov 6, 2015)


Tim Reddish, Learning from History? The Absorption of Scientific Worldviews into Theology (BioLogos, Nov 9, 2015)


Richard Rohr, Quantum Entanglement (blog, Nov 12, 2015) parallels the unknown relation of Newtonian, Einsteinian, and quantum theories to other areas


Amanda Gefter, Quantum Mechanics Is Putting Human Identity on Trial: If Our Particles Have No Identity, How Can We? (Nautilus, Nov 19, 2015)


Pete Enns, So, Theologian, Want to Know More About Biology? (Pete Enns blog, Dec 2, 2015) a list of recommended readings


David Byrne, How Progressives Stole Christian History (Crisis magazine, Dec 16, 2015)


Sebastian Anthony, Richard Dawkins Gives Science a Bad Name, Say Fellow UK Scientists (ARS Technica, Jan 11, 2016)


Olivia Goldhill, Philosophers Want to Know Why Physicists Believe Theories They Can't Prove (Quartz, Jan 10, 2016)


Dawn Papple, Neuroscience Research: Does Free Will Actually Exist? (Inquisitr, Jan 10, 2016)


Pascal-Emmanuel Gobry, Why So Many Scientists Are Ignorant (The Week, Mar 8, 2016)


Robin Parry, God is More Than an Intelligent Designer (BioLogos, Mar 31, 2016)


Amanda Gefter, The Case Against Reality (The Atlantic, Apr 25, 2016)


Amanda Gefter, The Evolutionary Argument Against Reality (Quanta Magazine, Apr 21, 2016)


Frank Wilczek, Why Is the World So Beautiful? (On Being, Apr 28, 2016)


Jon Miltimore, World-Famous Scientist: God Created the Universe

(Intellectual Takeout, Jun 6, 2016) physicist Michio Kaku:  “I have concluded that we are in a world made by rules created by an intelligence. To me it is clear that we exist in a plan which is governed by rules that were created, shaped by a universal intelligence and not by chance.”


Ross Anderson, Fancy Math Can’t Make Aliens Real (The Atlantic, Jun 17, 2016)


James Blachowicz, There is No Scientific Method (NY Times, Jul 4, 2016)


Brian Resnick, Humans and Neanderthals Had Sex: But What Is For Love?(Vox, Sep 14, 2016)


Carl Zimmer, A Single Migration From Africa Populated the World, Studies Find (NY Times, Sep 21, 2016)


Fiona MacDonald, Harvard Scientists Think They've Pinpointed the Physical Source of Consciousness (Science Alert, Nov 8, 2016)


N.T. Wright, If Creation is Through Christ, Evolution is What You'd Expect 

(BioLogos, Apr 24, 2017) short, excellent 4 minute reflection on Colossians 1 and Genesis 1


Sirin Kale, Science Has Consistently Underestimated Women Because Scientists Are Sexist (Broadly, Jun 21 2017)


Nicholas St. Fleur, In Cave in Israel, Scientists Find Jawbone Fossil From Oldest Modern Human Out of Africa (NY Times, Jan 25, 2018)


Ian Sample, Neanderthals - Not Modern Humans - Were First Artists on Earth (The Guardian, Feb 22, 2018)


Ron Choong, Interview with Merrill Grant (Academy of Christian Thought, Mar 19, 2018) introduces Choong's explorations into theology, cognitive neuroscience, archaeology, and history 


Nicole Arce, Massive Genetic Study Reveals 90 Percent Of Earth’s Animals Appeared At The Same Time (Tech Times, May 30, 2018)


Ben James, A Sneaky Theory of Where Language Came From (The Atlantic, Jun 10, 2018) with mention of Noam Chomsky and others who believe that linguistic complexity emerged near-instantaneously


Robby Berman, The Universe is Dying, New Study Confirms (Big Think, Dec 14, 2018) shows that the universe is winding down to coldness and death; Jesus' resurrection is the only hope for life


Ferris Jabr, How Beauty Is Making Scientists Rethink Evolution (NY Times, Jan 9, 2019) "The extravagant splendor of the animal kingdom can’t be explained by natural selection alone — so how did it come to be?"


Lizzie Wade, Did Judgmental Gods Help Societies Grow? (Science Magazine, Mar 19, 2019)

Part of the series: