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Havasu Falls, in Cataract Canyon, on the Havasupai Reservation in Arizona; photo credit: Paul Kordwig, Wikimedia Commons

Small Group Leader Notes

on the Book of Exodus


Exodus 1:1 - 2:25 God, Israel's True Champion
Exodus 3:1 - 4:31 God Calls Moses to Be a Prophet
Exodus 5:1 - 6:30 Moses Confronts Pharaoh
Exodus 7:1 - 11:10 God Speaks the Ten Plagues
Exodus 7:1 - 11:10 The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart
Exodus 12:1 - 14:31 Another Doorway Through Blood into Freedom
Exodus 15:1 - 27 The Victory Song by the Sea
Exodus 16:1 - 17:7 God's Spiritual Bootcamp:  Lessons on the Appetite
Exodus 17:8 - 18:27 God Restores Wisdom and Justice
Exodus 19:1 - 24:18 God Beckons from the Mountain
Exodus 20:1 - 28 God's Ten Words
Exodus 21:1 - 36 God the Restorer and the Laws of Restoration
Exodus 21:28 - 22:17 God the Restorer and the Laws of Theft
Exodus 22:18 - 23:33 God the Truth and the Laws of Falsehood
Exodus 25:1 - 31:11 God Prepares His Wardrobe
Exodus 31:12 - 34:35 God's Covenant and Moses the Mediator
Exodus 35:1 - 40:38 God Tabernacled Among Us

Notes and Essays on

the Book of Exodus


From Garden to Exile:  A Thematic and Canonical Analysis of the Old Testament


The Chiastic Structure of the Torah 

connects the purification of Moses on Mount Sinai to the purification of Israel in the sanctuary


Exodus: Who Hardened Pharaoh's Heart?


Restorative, Not Retributive, Justice in the Sinai Covenant: A Discussion of Exodus 21 and Three Applications

notes from an NHI conversation Dec 9, 2017 about applications for pastoral ministry, social justice ministry, and evangelism


(Exodus) Hell as Fire and Darkness: Remembrance of Sinai as Covenant Rejection in Matthew's Gospel


Why Did God Choose a "Chosen People"? 

Why Not Just Skip Right to Jesus?


The Troubling Acts of God:  Noah's Flood, Sodom and Gomorrah, the Egyptian Firstborn, and the Canaanites


Romans 9 - 11: Predestination and Free Will, Hardening of Hearts, and Ongoing Outreach to the Jewish Community

Helpful Books and Articles on

the Book of Exodus


Alastair Roberts, 40 Days of Exoduses (blog)


Kevin D. Miller, Did the Exodus Never Happen? (Christianity Today, Sep 7, 1998)


James K. Hoffmeier, Israel in Egypt: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Exodus Tradition (Amazon book, 1999)


James K. Hoffmeier, Ancient Israel in Sinai: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Wilderness Tradition (Amazon book, 2005)


The Crooked Mouth, Choosing Sides in the Exodus (blog, Nov 29, 2014)


Roger Isaacs, Passover In Egypt: Did the Exodus Really Happen? (Huffington Post, Apr 9, 2011)


Eric Metaxas, Archaeological Evidence for the Exodus and the Trial of Jesus (BreakPoint, Jan 14, 2015)


Joshua Berman, Was There an Exodus? (Mosaic Magazine, Mar 2, 2015)


Peter Leithart, The Death Penalty in the Mosaic Law (Theopolis Institute, Jul 3, 2015) makes some good points but errs on the retributive principle


Benjamin Corey, Why Exodus 22:2 Doesn’t Work To Justify Armed Self-Defense (Patheos, Jan 15, 2016)


Tom Belt, Toward a Theology of Violence (An Open Orthodoxy, Apr 18, 2017)

Helpful Practical Tools on

the Book of Exodus


Alastair Roberts, 40 Days of Exoduses (blog)


The Bible Project, Sacrifice and Atonement (The Bible Project, Aug 27, 2015) a good 7 minute video which accurately talks about the purification by blood depicted in the Jewish offerings 


The Bible Project, The Law  (The Bible Project, Oct 12, 2015)  a very nice 6 minute video which places the stress on the story of the Torah, and beyond, not simply the commandments


The Bible Project, The Book of Exodus, Overview Part 1 (The Bible Project, Nov 28, 2014) a 6 minute video


The Bible Project, The Book of Exodus, Overview Part 2

(The Bible Project, Feb 8, 2015) a 5 minute video